TyreSpace© - 3D fog collectors
Global: Spain, Chile, Norway, Sweden and others latitudes

Research-design team: EcoFabrica© & TyreSpace© team
Authors: Dr Cristian Suau & Fernando Ayala
Main collaborator: Carmelo Zappulla
Research support: NTNU & MEC (EU)
Clients: NGOs, environmental and public sectors
Publication: scientific journals, proceedings, online media
Type: design patent, reuse of tyres, space-frames, playgrounds & autonomous dwellings
Year: 2006 onwards
Budget: EUR15000 (prototypes)
Building systems: car tyres, metal strapping, foam & weatherproofing outer layer

The purpose of this research by design is to provide new ecological building frames made of whole disused tyres and by-products. This study focuses on the generation of geodesic and elastic frames and mainly its potential applications as dwellings, greenhouses and games. It also develops low technologies and smart insulation systems by using trashed whole tyres, rubber sheets, plastic straps and packaging or expanded foam. It has been carried out at Barcelona School of Architecture, Spain and also at the Faculty of Architecture and Fine Arts, NTNU, Norway.
(Text from 'TYRE_SPACE© Elastic Building Frames Applied in Urban and Rural Environments', PLEA 2006: The 23rd Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture, Geneva, 2006)

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN
The TYRE_SPACE© is initially conceived as a low tech prefab, compact rubber space that is both environmentally responsible and is available as an affordable waste product everywhere. It is a simple tyre-framed modular unit, consisting of pentagons and hexagons ‘chunks’ and simply a web. The geodesic form consists of 6 or 7 trashed tyres, depending on the modular geometry, encircle each module. As result, we obtain a ‘sphere’ or domes, a sort of big football ball ready to be inhabited. It also appears to float above the ground, expressing its minimal environmental impact by touching the earth very lightly.
The TYRE_SPACE© demonstrates the wise use of rubber components to fabricate lightweight spaces with an abstract frame. Tyres have many advantages as a structural material. And trashed tyres can be easily re-used and re-cycled at the end of a structure’s life. In addition, a tyre does not warp or rot, and it is impervious to termite attack or another biological agents.

WHAT MAKES TYRE-SPACE© SPECIAL?
Why choose trashed whole tyres? The TYRE_SPACE© demonstrates the use of rubber components to fabricate lightweight spaces with an abstract frame. Tyres have many advantages as a structural material. And trashed tyres can be easily re-used and re-cycled at the end of a structure’s life. In addition, a tyre does not warp or rot, and it is mpervious to termite attack or another biological agents. Each tyre-framed module is crowned by a shimmering opening in the middle that hovers above the inner space. The frame is eye-catching but dynamic and practical. It is designed to shade the living spaces, reflect radiant heat, and might support solar collectors or photovoltaic panels. A single sphere or the like could be an emergency house, a vacational shed, a studio, a playground or a greenhouse. You can also combine two or more spheres to form a large residential or playground complex or an eco-village with corrals, patios and dwellings.
The internal layout is open and it can easily be configured to suit individual needs. And it will be possible to start with a single unit –either circular or hexagonal- and add a second or third module as occupants grow. This kicking ass design can be positioned to make the most of any site. The orientation, the views of the surroundings, local wind patterns and approach from the street are all considered when locating the modules on a site. The inherent flexibility of the modular system allows views and sun to be manually controlled. Because the TYRE_SPACE© is an off-site fabrication, disruption to the site is minimal – the only site works required are simple screw-pile foundations and utility connections. Solar panels and grey water treatment have been incorporated. And it can be easily removed, leaving practically no trace of its existence in the landscape.

Keywords: Reuse of materials, low-tech building systems, elastic junk-frames & trashed tyres

TYRE_SPACE© DESIGN - PDF

TYRE_SPACE© RESEARCH - PDF
PLEA2006 - The 23rd Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture, Switzerland, September 2006

location  

100% tyres  

experimental model  

detail - experimental model  

tyre_space: main components  

tyre_scape: building configuration  

structural principle:  the bucky ball

tyre_space: test 1  

tyre_space: test 2  

tyre_space: process  

tyre_space in water  

tyre_space in rainforest  

tyre_space in the coast  

tyre_space on the roof  

tyre_space in barcelona  

tyre_space in the andes  

tyre_space on the lake  

tyre_space in the dunes  

tyre_space as recreational device  

tyre_space as a bridge  

tyre_space as a bridge  

tyre_space: main components  

tyre_space on site  

tyre_space - details  

tyre_space & prototype at IAAC  

tyre_space & provider